Oroville Dam is located on the Feather River in northern California (USA). At 234.7 m (770-ft) tall, this earth embankment is the tallest dam in the United States. With its 4.3 billion m3 (3.5 million acre-feet) of storage, Lake Oroville is the second largest reservoir in California, supplying water to cities as far south as Los Angeles. The Oroville Dam, reservoir (Lake Oroville), and hydropower plant facility is the flagship of the State Water Project (SWP), which is owned and operated by the State of California, Department of Water Resources (DWR).
Now showing 1-12 of 58 2982:
Physical modelling of dam structures remains a preferred method for validating and improving dam designs. Flow behaviour in the approach and over the crest of a dam can be accurately studied with traditional methods such as pressure transducers, piezometers and current meters due to the relatively smooth and steady flow conditions. However, characterising flows within a stilling basin is far more difficult due to the complex, aerated and highly turbulent flow conditions. Recent work on detailed measurement of hydraulic jumps using a line-scanning Lidar was adapted for measurement of stilling basin surface profiles in a 1:50 scale model of Somerset Dam, QLD. Lidar was shown to be an effective and efficient tool for providing assessment of the toe jump, boil and flow into the downstream channel.
Regular assessment of dam stability is essential to ensure safe and reliable operation of these structures throughout their service life. In some cases, monitoring of the surrounding environment can be as important as monitoring carried out over the dam itself. Risk management programs should therefore look at the entire site and nearby terrain to ensure any and all possible geohazards which may impact dam integrity are identified and tracked over time.
InSAR is a type of remote sensing that uses radar satellite imagery to measure surface movement occurring over time, often achieving millimetric levels of precision. This approach does not require fieldwork or the installation of equipment, measurements are instead obtained from reflections of the satellite radar signal off infrastructure, rocks and bare ground. Furthermore, as the measurements are obtained from satellite images that extend over regions thousands of kilometres squared in size, they can provide information on stability over dams, surrounding reservoirs, even entire regions.
The main advantage of InSAR technology for dam monitoring is two-fold. First, in addition to monitoring the dam itself, stability of the surrounding area (including slopes around dam reservoirs) can be tracked. Second, both long- and short-term displacement trends can be captured (including historical analyses) providing a more complete picture of dam behaviour over time.
Several examples of InSAR results obtained over different dam sites are presented.
The As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP) principle was established in the Australian Dams
community in the ANCOLD Guidelines on Risk Assessment in 1994. Since that time, dam owners have been focused on reducing their societal risk to below the ANCOLD Limit of Tolerability (LoT) through dam safety upgrades and are now considering how to justify an ALARP position. This paper presents a framework that provides a systematic approach to assembling the inputs, applying a process and documenting the outcomes of an ALARP assessment. It is a pragmatic approach that aligns with the safety case, which is a legislated requirement for Major Hazard Facilities in Victoria.
The framework has been applied to two dams in Melbourne Water’s portfolio with differing societal risk, size, uses and criticality to the water supply system. It has highlighted the importance of dam safety governance, documentation of procedures, defensible technical analysis and an ongoing engagement with leading industry practice, in demonstrating risks are ALARP.
Global climate change will amplify existing risks, as well as create new risks for natural and human systems. Recent climate changes have already had widespread impacts on human and natural systems. Dams provide a range of economic, environmental and social benefits including irrigation, flood control, water supply, hydroelectric power, recreation and wildlife habitat and play an important role in human settlement. Adapting into the effects of climate change is vitally important for future management of dams. This paper uses the recent drought and floods in Victoria to illustrate the importance of considering the effects of climate change in design, operations, maintenance and emergency management of dams.
Junction and Clover Dams are central spillway slab-and-buttress dams located in Victoria. Previous safety reviews and assessments of the dams concluded that neither dam met modern dam design standards and remedial works were recommended, including infilling the slab-and-buttress dams with mass concrete to sustain seismic loadings. These conclusions were based largely on the assessed seismic hazard at the site, the results of response spectrum analyses and observed conditions of the dams including alkali-aggregate reaction of the concrete. AECOM used current seismic hazard assessment techniques, conducted concrete investigations and testing, assessed long term surveillance monitoring results and used modern finite element techniques to demonstrate that no upgrade works were required at either dam resulting in a significant saving for AGL.